Teak wood (Tectona grandis) is quite popular, owing to its durability and water resistance. It is one of the most expensive types of wood that are available today. Teak wood is valued for its excellent durability and water resistance. Due to this reason, teak wood is used in building boats, furniture, exterior construction, veneer, tunings, carvings, and other wood projects.
Teak is native to Asia, majorly south and southeastern Asia, which includes India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Bangladesh.
Types of Teak Wood
Burma Teak Wood
Burma teak wood is an old-growth tree that is native to forests of Burma and Myanmar. Their growth time is more than 50 years. It is the best quality teak wood that is available today. It has a golden color, elegantly distributed grains, and a high amount of teak natural oils. It is the most durable type of teak wood among all.
Indonesian Teak Wood
It is also called Asian teak wood. Like Burma teak wood, it is also real teak wood, native to Indonesia. The growth time of his type of teak wood is about 30 years. It is one of the best plantation teak wood all around the world because of soil and weather suitability. The quality of Indonesian teak wood is secondary to Burma teak wood. It has wider grains, a significant quantity of teak natural oils, and sound knots. It is light brown in color with a slightly grayish hue.
African Plantation Teak Wood
African plantation teak wood refers to the teak planted in Africa. Its growth time is 15 to 25 years, as a result of which it is low in teak natural oils. Thus, African plantation teak wood is not as durable as Burma teak wood or Indonesian teak wood. It is very light brown in color. The wood grains are distributed widely apart. It has a lot of sound knots.
Indian Teak Wood
Indian teak wood is one of the very popular types of teak wood. It is native to old-growth forests in India. The excellence of Indian teak wood is similar to that of Burma teak wood but because of the high demand of this teak wood in India, there is almost no supply of Indian teak wood in the international market. The most important teak forests in India are in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha and Rajasthan.
Thailand Teak Wood
Thailand teak wood is superior in quality to Burma teak wood. You read that right! Thailand teak wood is the highest quality teak wood in the world because the growth conditions for teak in Thailand are exceptional. However, Thailand teak wood was overexploited in Thailand as a result of which it has been declared an endangered species and its logging has been prohibited by the government. Hence, there is no supply of Thailand teak wood in the international market.
South American Plantation Teak Wood
South American plantation teak wood refers to teak wood planted in South America. It is similar to African teak wood in quality, color, teak natural oil content, and arrangement of wood grains. It is difficult to distinguish between these two types of teak wood
Chinese Teak Wood
Chinese teak wood is also called golden teak wood. It is not teak wood. Its real name is Robinia wood or black locust wood. It looks very similar to real teak wood and hence it is widely used as teak wood. It has grain arrangement similar to that of real teak wood. It is stable and heavy. It is not easy to distinguish between real teak wood and Chinese teak wood. It is available at just40% of the real teak wood price.